Key Terms: B

  • Bail - Cash or bond posted by a defendant as collateral to ensure that he or she returns to court on a future date.
  • Bail Bondsman - A person or corporation that will act as a surety and pledge money or property as bail for the appearance of persons charged with crimes in court.
  • Bailiff - Bailiffs are distinguished by their badges. They, along with Sheriff’s Deputies are responsible for security in the court room. They often assist the clerk of the court with clerical duties.
  • Bench Warrant - A warrant issued by a judge when an individual defendant fails to appear in court at a specified date and time.
  • Beyond A Reasonable Doubt - Beyond a reasonable doubt is the standard of proof required to sustain a criminal conviction in most courts in the United States, including Maryland. Beyond a reasonable doubt carries a higher burden of proof than the preponderance and clear and convincing standards of evidence that are typically applied in civil cases.